The discussion will cover –
Constructivism in the classroom it’s advantages and disadvantages
Too often, we give children answers to remember, rather than problems to solve.
Constructivism is ‘an approach to learning that holds that people actively construct or make their own knowledge and that reality is determined by the experiences of the learner’ (Elliott et al., 2000, p. 256).
The term refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves—each learner individually (and socially) constructs meaning—as he or she learns. Constructing meaning is learning; there is no other kind. The dramatic consequences of this view are twofold;
1) we have to focus on the learner in thinking about learning (not on the subject/lesson to be taught):
2) There is no knowledge independent of the meaning attributed to experience (constructed) by the learner, or community of learners.
Constructivist theorists believe that the learner is a constructor of his or her own knowledge They believe individuals actively construct mental models based on prior knowledge and experience in order to understand the world.
Principles of constructivism.
There are many specific elements and principles of constructivism that shape the way the theory works and applies to students.
• Knowledge is constructed.
• New Learning is influenced by past experiences.
• Learning is an active process.
• Learning is a social activity
• Learning is contextual.
• Knowledge is personal.
Constructivism in classroom
Constructivist teachers focus more on learning through activity, rather than learning from textbooks. The teacher will make an effort to understand their students’ preexisting conceptions and use active techniques, such as real-world problem solving and experiments, to address the students’ conceptions and build on them. In a constructivist classroom, teachers encourage students to question themselves, their strategies and assess how the various activities are enriching their understanding.
The 5E Instructional Model is a constructivist model with 5 stages: Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate.