CBSE – Everything you need to know!
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is autonomous organization under the direct supervision of the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India. It is controlled and supervised by the Secretary (School Education & Literacy) , Ministry of Human Resources and Development, Government of India. It was constituted in 1952 and then its constitution was amended in 1962. CBSE envisages,” to serve the educational institutions more effectively, to be responsive to the educational needs of those students whose parents were employed in the Central Government and had frequently transferable jobs”.
The first educational board that was set up in India perhaps was the U.P Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921, and had its jurisdiction on erstwhile Rajaputana, Central India and Gwalior. In 1929 it was extended to include Ajmere and Mewar. The board saw a great response in terms of growth in Secondary education. In the mean time Independence movement, followed by war and subsequent independence has given a great impetus to the political division on India. The idea of UNIVESITIES and STATE EDUCATIONAL BOARDS came in.In 1952 the Jurisdiction of the board was extended to other parts of India nd the name Central Board of Secondary Education came into existence. In 1962 the constitution of the board was amended and CBSE came into existence with the objective as cited above.
CURRENT STATUS OF JURISDICTION
The CBSE along with the other integral part of the Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India, such as NCERT , Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KV) , have swept the whole country and abroad. Some of the state boards such as the erstwhile Delhi Board of Secondary Education have merged with the CBSE. All the Union territories have adopted NCERT syllabus and are affiliated to CBSE. All the schools of India , in the Union Territory of Chandigarh. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, the state of Sikkim, and now Jharkhand, Uttaranchal and Chhattisgarh are affiliated with the CBSE. Starting with 369 affiliated schools in 1962 , CBSE has more than 15800 affiliated schools in 23 countries, including Kendriya Vidyalayas, aided schools, Sainik Schools , Military Schools and other organizational schools and private schools.
In order to facilitate Administration, affiliation and the Conduct of Examinations, the CBSE has opened REGIONAL OFFICES at several locations across the country such as Ajmeer, Allahabad, , Bhubaneshwar, Chennai, Dehradun, Delhi, Guwahati, Panchkula, Patna and Thirurvanthapurm. The schools outside India are controlled by the regional office at Delhi.
The administrative set up consists of a Chairman, who is usually an academician of National repute. He is assisted by eight administrators and academicians to discharge his duties effectively. On the whole the board come under the control of the of the Secretary( School Education & Literacy) , Ministry of Human Resources, Government of India.
VISION STEMENT OF CBSE
“The CBSE envisions a robust, vibrant and holistic school education that will engender excellence in every sphere of human endeavour. The Board is committed to provide quality education to promote intellectual, social and cultural vivacity among it’s learners. It works toward evolving a learning process and environment, which empowers the future citizens to become global leader in the emerging knowledge society. The Board advocates Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation with an emphasis on holistic development of learners. The Board commits itself to provide a stress-free learning environment that will develop competent, confident and enterprising citizens who will promote harmony and peace.”
ACADEMIC VISION OF CBSE
The academic wing of CBSE , along with its team and with the help of the heads of school affiliated to it aims to achieve the following objectives:
”To define appropriate approaches of academic activities to provide stress free, child centred and holistic education to all children without compromising on quality
ii. To analyse and monitor the quality of academic activities by collecting the feedback from different stakeholders
iii. To develop norms for implementation of various academic activities including quality issues; to control and coordinate the implementation of various academic and training programmes of the Board; to organize academic activities and to supervise other agencies involved in the process
iv. To adapt and innovate methods to achieve academic excellence in conformity with psychological, pedagogical and social principles.
v. To encourage schools to document the progress of students in a teacher and student friendly way
vi. To propose plans to achieve quality benchmarks in school education consistent with the National goals
vii. To organize various capacity building and empowerment programmes to update the professional competency of teachers.”
The CBSE is an affiliating body, that affiliates schools that are under government, Kendriya vidyalays, Saimik Schools , Jawahar Navopdaya Vidyalays , and other private educational societies.
The schools seeking affiliation should either be recogonised by State governments or Union territories and should have a NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE FRON THE STATE/UT for affiliation to CBSE in the name of that school.
Usually the CBSE approves middle class syllabus at class VIII stage (Classes I to VIII) and grants composite affiliation from class IX and X. Schools are expected to file application for affiliation when the school reaches class VII. The syllabus followed for all practical purposes should comply with that of NCERT/KV.
Parents seeking admission may verify this class as a precautionary measure before seeking admission. The status of affiliation could be verified from CBSE offices or CBSE schools directory in the internet site.
The CBSE is an EXAMINATION body that conducts the following examinations.
All India/ Delhi Board Secondary School Examination. (AISSE)
All India/Delhi Board Senior Secondary school Certificate Examination (AISSCE)
All India Pre-medical/ Pre-Dental Entrance Examination) ,; Preliminary and final.
All India Engineering/Architecture Examination
The school seeking affiliation usually should seek affiliation when it reaches VIII class stage , for approval of syllabus up to class VII and Comprehensive affiliation to classes IX and X and make the school eligible to send students to AISSE examination from the academic year the students reach Class X.
At the time of affiliation either the school must be and /or possess a NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE for affiliation to CBSE from the state/UT government.
Parents seeking admission may verify the claims of a school regarding the status of affiliation. If the school has only VIII class and below, it may not have any recognition and the transfer certificate may not be accepted by other good schools.
The admissions to CBSE schools are offered by the respective schools. As a rule ,
“A student seeking admission to any class in a ‘School’ will be eligible for admission to thatClass only if he :
has been studying in a School recognised by or affiliated to this Board or any other recognised Board of Secondary Education in India;
(ii) has passed qualifying or equivalent qualifying examination making him eligible for admission to that Class;
(iii) satisfies the requirements of age limits (minimum and maximum) as determined by the State/U.T. Government and applicable to the place where the School is located;”
Though the CBSE stipulates that no capitation fee should be charged for admission, several school do charge on different grounds, taking advantage of the anxiety of the parents to get their children educated.
“ PARENTS SHOULD UNDERSTAND THAT THE COST OF EDUCATION AT SCHOOL LEVEL SHOULD BE MINIMUM AS WE MAY NOT HAVE CONTROL ON HIGHER EDUCATION COST”
Time spent on languages
Due to the Government of India’s three language formula in education, which is implemented strictly in CBSE schools, the time spent on languages are more in CBSE schools. Thus reduces the time for essential subjects.
However CBSE offers exemption to the third language requirement under the following conditions,
“a. foreign nationals studying in schools affiliated to the Board;
(b) wards of Indian nationals admitted to class IX after a minimum of two years of stay abroad;
(c) students admitted to class IX from school affiliated to State Boards, where only two language formula is in vogue.
*(d)Blind students, those suffering from speech or hearing defects, Dyslexic and candidates with disabilities as defined in the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995.”
WHY CHOOSE CBSE STREAM? ADVANTAGE CBSE
EASY Transfer of kids as there are a number of schools available with the same syllabus across the globe. The CBSE Board “ today has 15799 schools as on 15.09.2014 including 197 schools in 23 countries. There are 1078 KendriyaVidyalayas, 2482 Government/Aided Schools, 11443 Independent Schools, 585 Jawahar NovodayaVidyalayasand 14 Central Tibetan Schools.”
The medium of instruction is English in most of the schools.
The syllabus is prescribed by NCERT and moderated by CBSE, both under the Ministry Of HRD , Govt. of India.
Though the board affiliates for classes IX and X, it protects the interest of students from Class I upwards.
The syllabus and examinations are student focused.
If a school has classes from 1 to 12, then a student shall be automatically promoted to class XI (subjected to their performance in class IX & X assessed by the school) and the student will TAKE ONLY ONE EXTERNAL EXAMINATION AT THE END OF CLASS XII.
In case a parent wants to change school /board or want to take polytechnic/vocational courses, the student may take Class X, AISSE.
CBSE affiliation is for all the Indian and foreign languages. Hence CBSE will permit a student taking any language as SECOND LANGUAGE. If a school does not offer the language, the parent may opt for educating the child themselves or through tutors and submit their periodical assessment to the school. This provision is available , subjected to the willingness of the head of the institution.
Students would have an opportunity to participate in games and sports at the National Level too.
Continuous Comprehensive Assessment (CCE) and skill based assessments gives the student an edge over others and increases the knowledge base of the student.
Being in metros and semi-metros, the CBSE schools have definite geographical advantage . Student should be able to get ample facilities for extra coaching classes for competitive examinations.
The Vocational education, Art Education and Physical and health education ensure a ‘HEALTHY MIND IN A HEALTHY NBODY’ and helps in reducing stress.
Assessment system is so designed as to provide a stress free education in Academics.
Transferable categories of parents would have less stress on admission.
A number of school charge nominal fees and parents may take advantage of them.
CBSE insists that the fee should be commensurate with facilties.
Most CBSE schools start from KG and go up to class XII. Hence resident parents who put their wards in KG , may have a peace of mind from seeking repeated admissions. The student will study in the same culture for 14 years and with home advantage.
If the school provides boarding too , transferable category of parents may take advantage of it.
On the whole among the available streams of studies CBSE has definite advantage than others as it gives a stress free environment to both students and parents.
The syllabus is well suited for National Talent search Examinations, as well as Engineering, Agriculture, Law, Medical and other Entrance Examinations.
Parents and students must take advantage of the large no of subjects and languages available in order to focus on their higher education.
Being All India based, it draws recognition in India and abroad.
There is definitely a myth that States,”CBSE syllabus is tougher and higher than state board Syllabus”
CBSE syllabus is more of concept oriented and hence a lot of top gracing takes place without depth in a subject, unlike state boards.
The structure examination pattern and possible different level of moderation helps in passing the examination, though scoring high may be a challenge.
The most striking advantage is skipping class X external examination and takes only Class XII examination if studying in the same school.
ENJOY 14 LONG YEARS of STRESS FREE SCHOOLING AND ONE EXTERNAL EXAMINATION AT THE END OF CLASS XII IN CBSE.
Article by R Venkata Ramanan
R Venkata Ramanan
Padmini V Ramanan Educational Resource Centre
4/27-B, IIT colony 1st Street,
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